In Vitro Explained

In Vitro Explained

IVF or In Vitro Fertilization is a type of ART or Assisted Reproduction Technology. The first baby born from this procedure was Louise Joy in 1978 in Great Britain. In the United States, it was first used successfully in 1981 and since then it has grown in popularity throughout the world. Initially this was a remedy for women with blocked or scarred fallopian tubes. However, these days it is a treatment for many other types of infertility too such as male infertility, infertility caused due to endometriosis, and so on. Claim Your 20 Free Pregnancy Tests – Click Here

IVF success rates

IVF is assumed to be a very complicated and sophisticated technique but it doesn’t have to be so complex to understand. Of course it requires superior skills and the entire procedure is also very expensive. Also, this procedure does not guarantee positive results. There are many couples that have tried this procedure and still failed to conceive a baby. Infertility is itself extremely painful and stressful at the physical and mental level. Trying a technique and still failing can crumble you even further. This is by no means an attempt to discourage you but you should be aware of the procedure and the success rates along with the prices beforehand so that you are ready to face even negative results. Also remember that it is not a good idea to rush into this procedure. This procedure is usually recommended after you have failed to conceive for over two years and other techniques such as oral medication have also failed to help you conceive.

Tests conducted to couples

To start off with, a few tests are conducted on the couple. For males, the male sperm test is carried out and for females, the menstruation cycle is observed in order to make sure that everything is going smoothly without complications. In order to observe the menstrual cycle, a radioactive liquid is injected or subjected orally. Through an X-ray unit thus, the entire cycle can be monitored.


Now you should meet with the doctor to have a long discussion about your condition. The fertility specialist will talk to you about every detail and will determine whether you are ready to go for it. Remember that you should be mentally as well as physically prepared for this procedure. Once everything is done and doctor deems you ready for the procedure, you will have to go to the nurse.


The nurse will inject fertility hormones in the female abdomen every day. These hormones are used to enhance your fertility so that you produce more than just the one egg. Each shot of fertility hormones is very expensive. Through these injections, multiple eggs will be produced in the body. The greater the number of eggs; the more are your chances of conceiving a baby through IVF. These shots will be given through a particular menstrual cycle.

Retrieving the egg

Now is the time for extraction of the eggs. During this time you will need a special injection, which is extremely crucial. This injection will signal your body that it is time for the retrieval of the eggs. You should take it exactly on time without delay because failure to take this injection or taking it late will only end up in failure of the entire process and you will have to start from the scratch again.


This is pretty straightforward. The sperm is taken from the male and fused with the eggs in the laboratory dish. If the sperm count or sperm motility is low, the embryologist may also take just one egg and inject it into one egg. This process is called intracytoplasmic sperm injection. Once the fertilization occurs under laboratory conditions and the embryo is formed, the embryo is transferred into the uterus of the female. This process is called uterine embryo transfer. This process requires a catheter and ultrasound.


The blood levels will be checked in order to find out how thick the uterine lining is. If the results are positive and the woman indeed gets pregnant, two weeks later ultrasound will be conducted to check the heartbeat of the fetus. At this time, how many fetuses have been implanted will also be clear.

In cases of female infertility or male infertility or both, donor eggs or sperm or both may be used for this procedure. The success rate depends on numerous different factors such as the age, past records of miscarriage, uterine abnormalities, and so on.

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